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Slovenia Geography


Slovenia is located in central Europe. Slovenia is slightly smaller than the state of New Jersey with a total area of 20,273 sq km (7,827 sq mi). Slovenia shares boundaries with Austria (north), Hungary (east), Croatia (south), and the Adriatic Sea and Italy (west), and has a total land boundary of 1,334 km (829 mi) and a coastline of 46.6 km (29 mi). Slovenia's capital city, Ljubljana, is located near the center of the country.

Slovenia's coastal climate is influenced by the Mediterranean Sea. Its interior climate ranges from mild to hot summers, with cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east. In Ljubljana, July's mean temperature is 20°C (68°F). The mean temperature in January is -1°C (30°F). Rainfall in the capital averages 139 cm (59 in) a year.

The region's climate has given Slovenia a wealth of diverse flora and fauna. Ferns, flowers, mosses and common trees populate the landscape. There are subtropical plants along the Adriatic Sea. Wild animals include deer, brown bear, rabbit, fox and wild boar. About half of Slovenia is mountainous; mainly, the mountains are located in the central and eastern part of the country. Farmers plant vineyards on the hillsides and raise livestock in the fertile lowlands of the country.

Slovenia's natural environment suffers from damage to forests by industrial pollutants, especially chemical and metallurgical plant emissions and the resulting acid rain. Water pollution is also a problem. The Sava River is polluted with domestic and industrial waste; heavy metals and toxic chemicals can be found in the coastal waters. The country is subject to flooding and earthquakes. As of 2001, 5.9% of Slovenia's total land area was protected. In the same year, 10 out of 75 mammal species and 3 out of 207 breeding bird species were threatened, as were 3 plant species. Threatened species include the Italian agile frog, slender-billed curlew, Beluga, Danube salmon and the olm.


Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia

Geographic coordinates
46 07 N, 14 49 E

Map references

total: 20,273 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
water: 122 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries
total: 1,086 km
border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 455 km, Hungary 102 km, Italy 199 km

46.6 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm

temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

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